In-band OOB AUTHENTICATION is an authentication method that requires the use of two distinct signals coming from two different channels or networks. The goal of OOB use is to guard away any attack by hackers and deter fraudulent users who are able to only access two channels. In the world of banking online, OOB security has been confirmed to prevent instances of data breaches, data hacking, phishing attacks identity theft, as well as hacking.
In a business setting, an out-of-band channel can meet security goals through an order to conduct additional verification. The idea of this system lies in the idea that, even if a fraudulent user gains access to a channel, an additional layer of security will protect the infrastructure.
OOB Authentication & eCommerce
Online transactions are safe from fraud in the event that a person who wants to make an online purchase receives a one-time password to a registered phone number. In this scenario even if a rogue person has gained access to the online portal but is unable to access the mobile device renders it inaccessible for the fraudulent activity to be executed. In certain instances, protocols that are related to OOB AUTHENTICATION may be invalidated when the hacker utilizes a sophisticated method to intercept messages over the 4G or 3G wireless network.
However, this technique which is integrated into the EMVCo 3D Secure protocol has been proven to produce the highest-quality results when it comes to ensuring the security of the users. In particular, the interaction of the 3DS Client, 3DS Server, Directory Server (DS), and Access Control Server (ACS) helps in achieving the security objectives possible. With the help of a superior authentication method, EMVCo 3D Secure stands out as a cutting-edge security system that protects users from any kind of malicious action.
The band security is undergoing technological advancements that optimize the user experience and create more advanced mechanisms to protect and comply. EMVCo 3D Secure is certainly the most sophisticated example of this technology and has produced excellent results for cardholders as well as card issuers as cybersecurity threats keep continuing to appear.
OOB Authentication Flow
The out-of-band authentication process has been redesigned in 3DS2 as compared to previous versions. The process is an interaction between the primary components that include 3DS Client (further classified into 3DS SDK and 3DS Method), . 3DS Client (further categorized into 3DS SDK and 3DS Method) and . The 3DS Server . the Directory Server (DS) and the Access Control Server (ACS).
In the first stage, the customer initiates a purchase using the purchase details that prompts the 3DS-enabled app to ask for the data, and in turn, return the 3DS information. A call is then made on the 3DS server, and the authentication request is then passed to the Directory Server (DS), and in turn, to it is passed to the Access Control Server (ACS) that generates the authentication request.
In this way, the request for the 3DS challenge is created and submitted after the sender is verified with OOB service. The response to the challenge triggers an open display of an alert message to the cardholder. The challenge is complete after the challenge request has been sent via the 3DS server, and then the DS as well as ACS.
The OOB service again determines the requirement for repeat challenges and the challenge response quickly traverses all three ACS, DS, and 3DS servers until it is accepted and recorded in the OOB service. Then an end-of-the-game response was issued to end this 3DS challenge. The app response is then completed with the entire process.
In some instances, consumers may require an extended time to complete the OOB authentication, and it is essential for the SDK to take into account this factor. Therefore, it is essential to set the SDK timeout feature to be configured accordingly to prevent any discomfort for the user and make sure that everything goes smoothly.
Advantages of OOB Authentication
As previously mentioned, OOB authentication is known as the most efficient way to prevent fraudulent attacks, especially in the instance of transactions made online, in which users are at risk of being hacked and phishing attacks.
The main advantage of OOB authenticating in 3DS2 is that the issuer has the benefit it gives them complete control over the methods used to authenticate cardholders. There are many methods for issuers to choose according to the way they want to structure their services, including biometric authentication, which includes facial, voice, and finger recognition, as well as tokens and passwords that are sent via email or SMS.
In this context, it is the ACS is managed by the issuer of cards and is responsible for determining if the 3D Secure authentication is accessible for a particular card number. The ACS performs the OOB interactions with the cardholder, instead of communicating with the cardholder via 3DS SDK. In the course of when the OOB authentication process occurs the cardholder will send an authentication signal either to or both the ACS or the card issuer who is involved in the exchange in the interaction with the ACS.
After the OOB contact the cardholder, The ACS will collect information about what happened to the card and whether it was successful. One example is a push message that is an OOB communication. It occurs when an app is activated to finish the authentication process and send the result to the ACS.
The Bottom Line
The many benefits that come with OOB security in the areas of ease of use security, reliability, and communications make it a great option to safeguard users while giving card issuers the option of customizing their services based on the preferences of their customers. In 3DS2 OOB authentication, the process goes through a series of actions, challenges, and responses to ensure that users are protected in the most efficient way. When compared to the earlier 3DS versions, this is an excellent framework that allows seamless and effortless transactions online using browsers or other applications. The protocols used during the creation of this framework aren’t just solid and secure, they are also user-friendly.